Ponsbourne St Mary's C of E Primary School

Love to Learn, Learn to Love

Newgate Street Village, Nr. Hertford, Hertfordshire, SG13 8RA

01707 872395



Curriculum Intent

In history, we begin in the Early Years by looking at change during the lifetime of the child, e.g. what was I like as a baby.  In Key Stage 1, we consider changes within living memory and in Key Stage 2 we look at chronological events and compare and contrast different periods in history and changes over time.  We intend for our children to leave with a secure subject knowledge of major events, changes in history and the enquiry skills needed to interrogate historical sources.

In geography, we begin with considering the child’s environment including simple map skills.  In Key Stage 1, we learn to name, locate and identify the characteristics of the seven continents and five oceans, and learn about their human and physical characteristics.  In Key Stage 2, we build on this prior knowledge and consider the environmental impact of humans and how our behaviour can change the environment.  We intend for our children to leave with a secure knowledge of map skills, subject knowledge about location, and the enquiry skills to make good decisions about their own personal behaviour and the knowledge to positively influence society.




Curriculum Implementation

We base our learning around the Rising Stars Scheme of Work for geography and history. We have a rolling programme based over two years with a geography and history topic each term.  As a school, we follow an enquiry approach, which is a form of active learning where we focus our work around questions. This helps the children engage with their learning and results in a deeper understanding. To learn about a topic, students explore resources, ask questions and share ideas. The teacher helps students to discover knowledge for themselves by exploring, experiencing and discussing as they go.

As part of our rolling plan, visits and visitors are planned to enhance children’s understanding and knowledge of a topic. For example, in KS1, local walks are planned to complete geography fieldwork. In KS2, our year 3 and 4 class visit Hudnall Park for geography field work, including river studies. Our Year 5 and 6 class visit York to deepen their understanding of their Vikings topic through activities, such as visiting the Yorvik Centre. KS2 have the opportunity to visit the British Museum and then create their own museum in school. We have an annual Living History Day where everyone in the school takes part in bringing history alive. Each class creates their own ‘museum’ based on the topic they are studying. They research and create their own ‘exhibits’ and dress up to present their findings to others in role.


Explorers (Year 1/2) Humanities





Year A

What was life like when our grandparents were children?


Who were the greatest explorers and what did they discover?

How has transport changed in our local area?



What are seasons?

What is it like where we live?

Where does our food come from?





Year B

Should we still celebrate Bonfire Night?

Did the Great Fire of London make London a better or worse place?


Our Local Heroes – Elizabeth I, Laura Trott

How have seaside holidays changed over time?




Where do our favourite animals live?

Where in the World do these people live?

What are the Seven Wonders of our World?


Pioneers (Year 3/4) Humanities





Year A

What was new about the Stone Age?

Which was the more impressive – the Bronze or Iron Age?

(visit to Celtic Harmony Camp)

Was the Roman invasion good or bad for Britain?


Why is climate important?

Where on Earth are we?

Why does the Earth shake, rattle and roll?





Year B

Why should we protect our local area?

(church, school etc)

What did the Ancient Egyptians achieve?

How has crime and punishment changed over time?


What can we learn from OS maps (old and new) and aerial photos?

What would we see on a Great American Road Trip?

(Compare with Scottish Road Trip)

How does the water go round and round?

(Hudnall Park and Lea Valley Trip)


Discoverers (Year 5/6) Humanities





Year A

Was the Anglo Saxon period really a Dark Age?

Are we damaging our world?

What makes people migrate?

(Examples from prior learning, e.g. Romans)

Vocab:  Settlement, migration


Raiders or Traders and Settlers?

Are there misconceptions about the Vikings?

How will our world look in the future?

Where do our products come from?

(include Fair Trade)





Year B

What problems did the Mayans face that could help explain their decline?

What did the Greeks do for us?

How did WWII impact our local area?


What is life like in the Amazon?

How is our country changing?

How do people choose where they go on holiday?